Eunpyeong-gu (Hangul/Hanja: 은평구/恩平區) is a district located in Northwestern Seoul Special City, Republic of Korea. The district is bordered with Goyang DeogYang-gu, Gyeonggi Province on West and North, Administrative Precinct of Pyeongchang-dong, Seoul Jongno-gu on East, Seoul Seodaemun-gu on Southeast and South and Administrative Precinct of SangAm-dong, Seoul Mapo-gu on Southwest. The name of the district is a portmanteau of two boroughs within the walls in Seoul-Hanyang during Joseon Period, YeonEun-bang (연은방/延恩防) and Sangpyeong-bang (상평방/上平防). The postal codes of Seoul Eunpyeong-gu start from 03300 [2 Mount Bukhan Road/Bukhansanno] to 03506 [10~48 Jeungsan West Lane/JeungsanSeo-gil]. The passenger vehicle registration plate code for this district is 01~16 서(SEO) 1000~9999.
Eunpyeong-gu is considered one of the poorest districts of Seoul. The Korean Association of Land Appraisal shows that apartment prices in Eunpyeong-gu were the lowest among all other districts in Seoul in 1998. The site of a redevelopment campaign in Eunpyeong-gu will provide some 15,000 new apartments between 2006 and 2009. In November 2006, it was announced that Eunpyeong will be the site of a planned ubiquitous city, which will display the latest in information and communication technologies.
Groups of clans began to settle down in Eunpyeong-gu in the Stone Age. As part of Seoul, the area of Eunpyeong-gu was called Wiryeseong in the Baekje period, Sinju in the pre-unification Silla Dynasty, Hansanju in the period of united Silla, and Hanju in the seventh reigning year of King Gyeongdeok (757). Later, Hanyang County was set up in today's Seoul area, from which Hanyang (another name for Seoul) has originated.
During Goryeo Dynasty, Hanyang County was called Yangju, which was changed to Namgyeong in the 21st reigning year of King Munjong Wang Hwi (1087). The area was one of three geographically important locations along with Seogyeong (Pyongyang, DPRK) and Donggyeong (Gyeongju, Northern Gyeongsang). Then, the area was renamed as Hanyang Governorate in the 34th reigning year of King Chungnyeol (1308).
In 1394 (3rd Reigning Year of King Taejo Yi Seong-gye of Joseon Dynasty), King Taejo Yi Seong-gye moved the capital from Gaegyeong to Hanyang Governorate and was renamed as Hanseong Governorate. The area of Seoul was reorganized with new administrative units of 5 Governorates (bu) and 52 boroughs (bang). The 5 bu (East, West, South, North, and Central) is similar to districts or wards (gu) in the present-day, and Eunpyeong-gu belonged to YeonEun-bang and Sangpyeong-bang in the north, from which the name 'Eunpyeong-gu' has originated.
After Japan's annexation of Korea, Hanseong Governorate became Gyeongseong Governorate, and new administrative units of 5 bu, 35 bang (within the wall), and 8 myeon (outside the wall) were applied according to the Gyeonggi Provincial Decree No.3 in April 1st 1911. In December 1913, the Japanese Colonial Government reorganized locations of each provinces, jurisdictions, and names of governorates and county, which began to be applied in April of the following year according to General Decree No. 111. As a result, Eunpyeong-myeon within jurisdiction over 36 smaller precincts and villages was installed in the area of YeonEun-bang and Sangpyeong-bang.
At that time, the jurisdiction of Gyeongseong Governorate was significantly reduced, allowing Eunpyeong-myeon to be separated and became part of Goyang County (present-day Goyang City), Gyeonggi Province. The Japanese Government General Decree No. 8 on February 14th 1936 modified the jurisdiction of Gyeongseong-bu by installing 5 villages (HongjeOe-ri, HongjeNae-ri, Buam-ri, Hongji-ri, and Sinyeong-ri) in Eunpyeong-myeon. In July 1940 the Seobu Local Office was set up in the area.
In June 1943 the Seobu Local Office was closed by the Gyeongseong-bu Decree No. 163, and the gu system was implemented, converting Yongsan Local Office into Yongsan-gu, Dongbu Local Office into Dongdaemun-gu and Seongdong-gu, Seobu Local Office into Seodaemun-gu, and Yeongdeungpo Local Office into Yeongdeungpo-gu. Within four major gates, Jongno-gu and Jung-gu were set up, leading to establishment of a total of 7 gu. In October, part of Yeonhui-myeon was combined with Gyeongseong-bu, parts of Seodaemun-gu and Yongsan-gu were separated, and Mapo-gu was newly established. As a result, Gyeongseong Governorate contains 8 districts.
After the liberation from Japan in 1945, Gyeongseong Governorate became Seoul City in September 1946, which was separated from Gyeonggi Province, and raised to the status of Seoul Special City, according to USAMGIK Ordinance No. 106. In August 13th 1949, 11 villages of Eunpyeong-myeon, Goyang County and 7 villages of Yeonhui-myeon were incorporated into the city, which was governed by Eunpyeong Local Office, according to the Presidential Decree No. 161. At that time, Eunpyeong-gu was included in Seoul.
On March 12th 1973, the law (No. 2569) Gupabal-ri and Jingwannae/oe-ri, Sindo-myeon, Goyang County, Gyeonggi Province incorporated into Seoul, starting from July 1st, which became a jurisdiction of Eunpyeong-gu, according to Law No. 2569. On October 1st 1979, the Presidential Decree No. 9630 separated area from Seodaemun-gu, closing the local office, which is the beginning of today's Eunpyeong-gu. Now, Eunpyeong-gu has 11 administrative precincts on 16 legal precincts as shown on the map in the end of article (in Hangul and Hanja).
The District Office is located at 195 Eunpyeong Avenue/Eunpyeongno, Nokbeon-dong 84-beonji with its postal code: 03384. The mayor of this district is Kim Woo-young (Minjoo Party). In the other hand, Park Joo-min and Kang Byung-won (Minjoo Party) served as the district assemblymen for 20th Session of Gukhoe (2016-2020). Park Joo-min represents Seoul Eunpyeong-gap (1st Electoral District that covers Nokbeon-dong, EungAm 1~3-dong, Yeokchon-dong, Sinsa 1~2-dong, Jeungsan-dong and Susaek-dong), while Kang Byung-won represents Seoul Eunpyeong-eul (2nd Electoral District that covers Bulgwang 1~2-dong, Galhyeon 1~2-dong, Gusan-dong, Daejo-dong and JinGwan-dong).