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Thursday, 16 June 2016

Incheon Nam-gu: First Four Districts formed in Incheon Metropole and Site of the Former Incheon Protectorate during Joseon Period

Incheon Nam-gu (Hangul/Hanja/Romanization: 인천광역시 남구/仁川廣域市 南區/Incheon-gwangyeoksi Nam-gu) is a district located at Central Incheon Metropole, Republic of Korea. This district borders with Incheon Seo-gu and Incheon Dong-gu on North, Incheon Bupyeong-gu and Incheon Namdong-gu on East, Incheon Yeonsu-gu on South and Incheon Jung-gu on West. The postal codes of Incheon Nam-gu start from 22100 [178~194 Songnim Avenue/Songnim-ro] to 22243 [214~264 Juseung Avenue/Juseungno]

The oldest name of Incheon was Michuhol, during the time of settlement of Prince Biryu, elder brother of King Onjo, the founder of Baekje Kingdom. During the era of Han Commanderies and Samguk (Korean Three Kingdoms), it was called Gyeongwon Governorate (경원부/慶原府), and Goryeo dynasty named this area Inju (인주/仁州). This name was switched to Incheon County during the 13th year of King Taejong Yi Bang-won's reign in Joseon Dynasty, and the downtown was located in GwanGyo-dong, which is currently located in Nam-gu. 

Incheon-gun was promoted to Incheon Protectorate (인천도호부/仁川都護府/Incheon-dohobu)  during the 6th year of King Sejo’s reign in Joseon Dynasty because it was the hometown of Queen Soheon of Cheongsong Shim Clan (wife of King Sejong the Great), mother of King Sejo. However, Incheon Protectorate was degraded to Incheon Prefecture during the 24th year of King Sukjong’s reign, but it was promoted to Incheon Protectorate again in 1698. 

Sungui-dong became Daehwajeong in 1936. Some parts of Sachung-ri and Ganseok-ri, Daju-myeon, Bucheon County were incorporated into Juan-dong, which was renamed Juanjeong in 1936, the same time period when Incheon Governorate was expanded. With the advent of the so -called “West Sea Era,” Nam-gu has been developing as a vibrant center of Incheon after dozens of expansions and transformations.

Incheon Nam-gu is the first four districts formed in Incheon after the introduction of district division system (구제/區) in 1968. Incheon Nam-gu originally consists of precincts of Dohwa-dong, Juan-dong, Guwol-dong, Ganseok-dong, Mansu-dong, JangsuSeochang-dong, UnYeon-dong, NamchonDorim-dong, Susan-dong, NonhyeonGojan-dong, Ugi-dong, GwanGyo-dong, Munhak-dong, Seonhak-dong, Cheonghak-dong, Yeonsu-dong, Dongchun-dong, Yonghyeon-dong, Hagik-dong, Ongnyeon-dong and Sungui-dong.

The annexation of precincts in Incheon Nam-gu to the new districts as shown below:
  • Incheon Namdong-gu (1988) = Guwol-dong, Ganseok-dong, NamchonDorim-dong, NonhyeonGojan-dong, JangsuSeochang-dong, Mansu-dong, UnYeon-dong and Susan-dong
  • Incheon Yeonsu-gu (1995) = Yeonsu-dong, Cheonghak-dong, Seonhak-dong, Ongnyeon-dong and Dongchun-dong

The District Office is located at 95 Dokjeongi Avenue/Dokjeongi-ro, Sungui 2-dong 131-1 beonji with its postal code: 22169. In addition, the seat of Ongjin County is located at 120 Maesohol Avenue/Maesohollo, Yonghyeon 5-dong in the same district. The mayor of this district is Park Woo-sup (Minjoo Party). While Paul Hong Il-pyo (Saenuri) and Yoon Sang-hyun (Saenuri) serve as the district assemblymen for 20th Session of Gukhoe (2016-2020). Paul Hong represents for Incheon Nam-gap (1st Electoral District that covers Dohwa 1~3-dong and Juan 1~8-dong) while Yoon Sang-hyun represents for Incheon Nam-eul (2nd Electoral District that covers GwanGyo-dong, Munhak-dong, Hagik 1~2-dong, Sungui 1~4-dong and Yonghyeon 1~5-dong).

Incheon Nam-gu consists 21 administrative precincts (행정동) on 7 legal precincts (법정동) as shown on the map below (in Hangul and Hanja).