Jeonju (Hangul/Hanja: 전주시/全州市), is the Provincial Capital of Northern Jeolla Province, Republic of Korea. The name, Jeonju literally means "Perfect State" (from the Hanja 全(전; Jeon) for perfect, 州(주; Ju) for state). It is an important tourist center famous for Korean food (as I thought, Bibimbap), historic buildings, sports activities and innovative festivals. This city known as the “Taste City” where it is renowned for its gastronomy and food industry. With its long-standing tradition in the production of rice cultivated on the Honam Plains, fish and salted fish from the Yellow Sea, fresh vegetables and wild greens from the mountains, Jeonju is recognized as a reference for high quality traditional Korean food. The city has made continual efforts to protect traditional food culture and develop the gastronomy sector.
The origin of the Greater Jeolla Province sourced from the combination of two cities in the province: Jeonju on North and Naju (North Korean Dialect: Raju, due to Beginning Sound Rule a.k.a Du-eum Beopchik) on South. In fact, Jeonju is the Provincial Capital of Jeolla Province, one of Joseon Dynasty's Eight Principal Provinces until it split into two parts; Northern Jeolla and Southern Jeolla in 1896 under the decree of Emperor Gojong-Gwangmu Yi Myeong-bok (Royal Order No. 36). Jeonju contains two districts, Deokjin-gu (덕진구/德津區) on North and Wansan-gu (완산구/完山區) on South, where these two non-autonomous districts were formed in 1989.
The city was known as Wansan (완산/完山) in 3rd Century of Common Era under Baekje Kingdom, one of Three Kingdoms in Korea. For your information, the southern district of Wansan-gu is taken from the old name of Jeonju in that period. In 685 (5th Reigning Year of King Sinmun of Silla, Silver Jubilee of Baekje's Downfall), it is known as Wansan State (완산주/完山州/Wansan-ju) until King Gyeongdeok changed this state's name into Jeonju. In 1403 (3rd Reigning Year of King Taejong Yi Bang-won), Jeonju elevated its status as Governorate, known as Jeonju-bu (전주부/全州府). In 1949 - four years after Korea's liberation from Japanese Imperialist Forces, it is elevated into city, known as Jeonju City until today.
Located in the fertile Honam Plains - famous for strawberries and exceptional produce, Jeonju has been an important regional center in the province for centuries. Once, the city was the capital of HuBaekje Kingdom, which was founded by Gyeon Hwon in 892, during the turbulent Later Three Kingdoms Period. The city was regarded as the spiritual capital of the Joseon Dynasty because the Royal House of Jeonju Yi originated there. The Gyeonggijeon Shrine inside Royal Portrait Museum a.k.a Eojin Museum kept the portrait of the Founder of Joseon Dynasty, King Taejo Yi Seong-gye and mortuary tablets of the king and his consorts.
Jeonju, like all of Korea, has 4 distinct seasons. They are spring, summer, fall, and winter. The winters can have a mix of days that are cool to days that are quite cold. The colder days are often influenced by a high pressure front that brings cold air from Siberia. In the summer, the humidity over the Korean peninsula from June through September comes from south east Asia. Temperatures in spring (late April and through May) and fall (after September 25 and though October) are often in the mid 20℃ with low humidity. Summer is the best time to visit for those accustomed to hot climates or southern countries. Spring and, especially, fall are the best time to visit for those from northern countries. From the end of September through October, the climate often takes on a Mediterranean feel and is a great time to visit many nearby mountains and rivers, either in Jeonju or nearby Wanju.
Education, tourism and gastronomy are the major industries in the city, but it does not have the manufacturing or heavy industries found in other Korean cities. The local mountains and parks are popular for outdoor recreation due to its rural location. There are also various historical sites in the area. The city also has a zoo, a large park, and the Hanguk Sound and Culture Hall, a large, modern concert complex on the Chonbuk National University campus.
Jeonju was chosen as the UNESCO City of Gastronomy in 2012. To support the development of the traditional food culture, Jeonju offers various traditional food and cooking programmes at universities, high schools and private institutions. The city also created the Creative Culinary Institute of Korea and the Bibimbap Globalization Foundation through innovative partnerships involving the public and the private sectors. Additionally, Jeonju’s infrastructure enables the city to host various food festivals including the annual Jeonju Bibimbap Festival and the International Fermented Food Expo, thus contributing to the internationalization of traditional Korean food, while also establishing a model for sustainable development for the food industry of the 21st century.
The City Hall is located at 10 Nosong Square Avenue/NosongGwangjangno, SeoNosong-dong 568-1 beonji, Jeonju Wansan-gu with its postal code: 54994. The city mayor is Kim Seung-soo (Minjoo Party). While Kim Kwang-soo (People's Party), David Chung Dong-young (People's Party) and Jeong Un-cheon (Saenuri Party) serve as the district assemblymen for 20th Session of Gukhoe (2016-2020). Kim Kwang-soo represents for Jeonju-gap (1st Electoral District that covers JungAng-dong, Pungnam-dong, Nosong-dong, Wansan-dong, DongSeohak-dong, SeoSeohak-dong, Junghwasan 1~2-dong, Pyeonghwa 1~2-dong and Inhu 3-dong), Jeong Un-cheon for Jeonju-eul (2nd Electoral District that covers Seosin-dong, Samcheon 1~3-dong and Hyoja 1~4-dong) and David Chung for Jeonju-byeong (3rd Electoral District that covers Jinbuk-dong, Inhu 1~2-dong, Deokjin-dong, GeumAm 1~2-dong, Palbok-dong, Ua 1~2-dong, Hoseong-dong, Songcheon 1~2-dong, Jochon-dong and Dongsan-dong).
Jeonju City consists two districts (Deokjin-gu on Yellow and Wansan-gu on Green), 33 Administrative Precincts on 83 legal precincts as shown on the map below (in Hangul).